The Campus Judicial Board (CJB) is a body appointed by the Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs to hear cases of suspected student misconduct and to initiate outreach and education projects to the campus community. Twelve students serve on the CJB each year.
The CJB Mission and Role
The CJB mission is to uphold academic integrity and standards of conduct for students through educational outreach programs and by serving on hearings and resolving student discipline matters.
Student members of CJB are an integral part of the academic mission of the University. They are entrusted with the responsibility of adjudicating cases involving student misconduct. Through this process as well as efforts to promote integrity and ethics and to prevent academic misconduct, student members on the Campus Judicial Board maintain and enhance the value of a UC Davis education, and the reputation of the UC Davis campus and the University of California.
The CJB is sponsored and supervised by OSSJA, and assists OSSJA in its work in administering the student disciplinary process, in creating and conducting educational outreach programs, and in providing information, advice, and assistance to students about their rights and responsibilities and campus grievance processes.
The students on the CJB fulfill a critical role in maintaining academic integrity. Under the Code of Academic Conduct, responsibility for integrity rests with students as well as faculty; students must act with honor in their own learning, teaching, research, work, and service. Further, students must hold themselves and others accountable, and take action if they learn of wrongdoing, because to tolerate dishonesty and unfairness is to perpetuate its existence.
Student involvement in the disciplinary process is essential, and helps shape a campus where students take pride in their own character and integrity, as well as the academic excellence of UC Davis. Because students have a vital role in maintaining academic integrity -- individually, collectively, and through the CJB, they have the power to effect change.
The CJB has responsibility for hearing and deciding disputed cases of suspected academic misconduct. Student members of the CJB also promote academic integrity through outreach programs designed to educate students and faculty about the UC Davis Code of Academic Conduct.
In addition, members of the CJB hold office hours and answer questions from students seeking information about UC Davis's discipline procedures, student rights, and grievance processes. CJB members have follow-up meetings with students who been through the disciplinary process. Usually, these meetings are with students who have admitted misconduct and completed their community service or other educational task or sanctions. CJB members talk with the students about their experiences with community service and/or the disciplinary process.
CJB Student Service on Disciplinary Hearing Panels
By serving on disciplinary hearing panels, students play an important role in upholding campus standards. Student involvement in the disciplinary process is part of student self-governance; student members of the CJB members provide a student voice, and represent student interests, in the disciplinary process.
For individual students, such service provides leadership experience and offers real-life opportunities to develop and use their skills in analyzing facts, assessing and weighing credibility, exercising sound judgment and articulating reasons for their decisions. CJB members must communicate clearly, respectfully, and effectively about complex and sometimes emotional matters. Finally, participating in hearings can enhance the ethical development of panel members themselves as they endeavor to examine, evaluate, and respond to the conduct of their peers.
CJB members may also serve as advisors for accused students and reporting parties, practicing their advising skills.
In addition to formal fact-finding hearings, CJB members participate in meetings with reported students with OSSJA staff, conduct follow-up meetings with referred students both to resolve cases and sign contracts, and also to discuss the community service or other educational tasks that may have been assigned as part of the disciplinary agreement. CJB involvement in these other portions of the disciplinary process is designed to help students who violate the rules learn from their mistakes, and develop decision-making skills to make responsible, ethical choices.
CJB Outreach Projects
Student members of the CJB promote academic integrity through educational outreach programs. The CJB outreach program includes designing and distributing educational materials; talking to student, faculty, and advisory groups about preventing academic dishonesty and promoting social responsibility; and producing special programs to highlight the importance of ethics and integrity, such as the CJB's annual "Chill Day."
History of the Campus Judicial Board
At UC Davis, the involvement of students in upholding academic integrity can be traced back to 1911, when the first student government was formed and "the beginnings of the campus 'honor system' emphasized student honesty in taking exams as well as in other matters." A.F. Scheuring, Abundant Harvest: The History of the University of California, Davis (c) 2001, page 35.
In the early 1970s, UC Davis grew rapidly. There was dissatisfaction with the Honor Code among both students and faculty. There were also concerns that with larger classes (causing some students to feel alienated and anonymous), there had been a corresponding sharp increase in the amount of cheating. These concerns triggered campus-wide debate and a proposal to do away with the Code, instead creating a faculty-run process giving faculty primary authority for dealing with cheating. "The Honor Code: a Tradition on the Skids?" The California Aggie, Feb. 8, 1974.
UC Davis faculty and students acted together to address these concerns and preserve the honor code tradition. Following a student vote in favor of retaining student involvement in the disciplinary system, faculty endorsement, and approval by the Chancellor, UC Davis adopted the Code of Academic Conduct in 1976. Our Code is a "modified" honor code which places shared responsibility for academic integrity on all members of our community -- students, faculty & administration.
As part of the changes enacted with the adoption of the Code of Academic Conduct, both the Office of Student Judicial Affairs (then called the Office of Student Conduct) and the Campus Judicial Board (CJB) were created. In her book Abundant Harvest, Scheuring describes the disciplinary system formed by the Code:
"most referrals (made by either instructors or students) were handled by counseling rather than punishment, though more thorny cases might go through 'due process' by the Campus Judicial Board, composed of five students and two faculty members. In 1982-83, out of about 200 referrals for academic misconduct, ... perhaps a dozen cases [went] to formal hearing." Scheuring at page 169.
In that same year, the Campus Judicial Board actively pursued its educational outreach projects, and published an anti-cheating poster with the slogan "No, Everyone Does NOT Do It." This poster was put up widely in classrooms across the campus over the next several years.
Today, after more than 30 years, the CJB is more active, and more effective, than ever and its student members continue to contribute to the academic integrity of UC Davis.